The Gospel Triangles

The New Testament is headed by four Gospels that tell us almost everything we know of the life and ministry of Jesus Christ. The first three of these books—Matthew, Mark and Luke—are known as the synoptic Gospels, because they give very similar accounts of Jesus’ life (it is thought that Matthew and Luke may have used Mark’s book as a source for their own accounts). The Gospel of John, however, has its own distinctive style and content and consequently stands apart from the synoptic Gospels.

The fundamental distinction between John and the other three Gospels appears to be highlighted by the encoding of two triangular numbers, one the sum of the ordinal values of the opening verses the Synoptic Gospels, the other the sum of the ordinal values of all four opening verses [1]. A study of the structural properties of these numbers reveals numerical links to the subject of all four Gospels: Jesus Christ.


The Synoptic Gospel Verses

The first verses of the three synoptic Gospels are as follows:

A record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham: (Matt. 1:1, NIV)
The beginning of the gospel about Jesus Christ, the son of God. (Mark 1:1, NIV)
Many have undertaken to draw up an account of the things that have been fulfilled among us, (Luke 1:1, NIV)

The ordinal values of these verses is as follows:

Matt 1:1 (o) = 669

Mark 1:1 (o) = 580

Luke 1:1 (o) = 831

The sum of these ordinal values is 2080:

669 + 580 + 831 = 2080

The number 2080 is the 64th triangular number, as illustrated below.



This is a fairly unlikely event: the chance of 2080 being triangular is only 1 in 64 and the chances of it having any significant figurate properties, whilst higher, is still fairly low. Moreover, the triangle is a potent symbol of the divine, embodying the concept of the Trinity. Finally, 64 is the ordinal value of one of the less-used spellings of the name of Jesus in Hebrew.



The Four Gospel Verses

Adding the first verse of John to the synoptic verses we can find the ordinal values of all four Gospels.

A record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham: (Matt. 1:1, NIV)
The beginning of the gospel about Jesus Christ, the son of God. (Mark 1:1, NIV)
Many have undertaken to draw up an account of the things that have been fulfilled among us, (Luke 1:1, NIV)
In the beginning was the word, and the word was with God, and the word was God. (John 1:1, NIV)

The ordinal value of John 1.1 is as follows:

John 1.1 (o) = 695

Adding this value to the sum of the three synoptic gospels, which was found to be 2080, we obtain 2775:

2080 + 695 = 2775

Amazingly, 2775 is also a triangular number, the 74th in its series! Again, relatively few numbers of this magnitude have any notable geometric properties. Its triangular form is illustrated below.



This triangle is the 74th in the series of triangular numbers - and the number 74 happens to be very strongly linked with the name and person of Jesus through gematria!

Jesus (o) = 74
Messiah (o) = 74
Cross (o) = 74
Gospel (o) = 74

So 74 is the ordinal value of the name of the man whose life, mission, death and resurrection are recorded in the four Gospels. Note that the word ‘Gospel’ itself has an ordinal value of 74, as does the word ‘Messiah’, the Hebrew equivalent of ‘Christ’. The triangularity of this number again reflects the Christian concept of the Trinity, which was no doubt the intention. 


The Gospel Triangles

If we now superimpose triangle 2080 upon triangle 2775 we see a natural division between the triangle representing the synoptic Gospels and the remainder, a trapezium, representing the fourth Gospel. The trapezium extends the triangle, just as John is an extension and completion of the Gospels.



Triangle 2775 itself has further features of interest for us, to which we will now turn.


From Triangle To Trapezium

Two out of every three triangular numbers are divisible by 3. 2775 is such a number and division of 2775 by 3 gives 925. This is the standard value of the name ‘Jesus Christ’.

Jesus Christ (s) =   925
925 x 3 = 2775

This leads us to a natural trisection of triangle 2775 and a third geometric form for 925, better known as a diamond and a pentagon. The form this time is a trapezium.


Jesus Christ (s) .......= 925


The three trapezia are identical in every respect and show that the number 925 is very naturally derived from the second Gospel triangle.


Triangle 3003

Finally, the study of triangular numbers reveals a startling geometric link between the triangular extensions of the numbers 74 and 77, which are the ordinal values of ‘Jesus’ and ‘Christ’. The 77th triangular number is 3003, which is illustrated below.



Triangle 3003 is the smallest triangle that can completely enclose triangle 2775.


So here we have Jesus, represented by T74, symbolically within Christ, represented by T77.


Triangle 5778

Triangle 3003 can also form a trapezium on which triangle 2775 can sit to yield a larger triangle, the 107th in the series, with 5778 units. Of the first 100 triangular numbers about 4% will create another triangular number when paired in this way. Therefore this phenomenon is statistically improbable.



Such an uncommon geometric feature is evidence of prior planning, rather than random action, a hypothesis that is strengthened when we discover that the numbers  74, 77 and 107 are connected not only through numerical geometry but through the name 'Jesus Christ' and two of his most important titles.

Jesus (o) =   74
Christ (o) =   77
The Messiah (o) = 107
God the Son (o) = 107

As you can see, these geometric relationships appear to have been built into not only the four gospels but the English language itself, suggesting that the New Bible Code has been a long time in the planning!



The Gospel triangles are persuasive evidence that the subject of the four gospels, Jesus Christ, along with their natural division into the three synoptic gospels and John, has been consciously reflected in their opening verses, through the encoding of two carefully chosen triangular numbers. The internal structures of the triangles provide further numbers that, via gematria, have primary links with the name 'Jesus Christ' and two of his titles. The spellings of name and titles also appear to have been guided, so that the analogy between meaning and geometric properties could be made. The triangles are therefore further evidence that both the translation of the NIV bible and the evolution of the English language have been guided by a divine hand, the same hand that reaches out to us through the gospels.


Bill Downie 29/4/07

Latest update 26/4/16



1.The method of combining the numerical values of verses from widely spaced but otherwise related biblical locations is well-established, having revealed encoded numbers elsewhere in the NIV Bible. For example, see In The Beginning.