# Irrational Encryptions

As explained in Gematria in a Nutshell, English gematria is a modern relative of Hebrew gematria and its Greek equivalent. Gematria is the discernment and study of what appears to be a kind of numerical cyphertext within at least some languages, whereby words and phrases related by meaning are also related through their numerical value. Through gematria, a second layer of meaning has been added to Scripture, including the English language NIV Bible (1984 edition). Here, English and Hebrew gematria join forces to create a modern miracle in the encoding of three irrational numbers and one physical constant.

If the standard value of the Masoretic Genesis 1:1 [1] is divided by the ordinal value of the NIV Genesis 1:1 [2], a fair approximation of* pi,* the ratio of the circumference to the diameter of a circle, is obtained. The performance of similar calculations with the NIV Genesis 1:1 and other significant passages from within the NIV Bible, yields fair estimates of *phi* (the Golden Section) and *e* (Euler's number). The three approximations sum to a number which differs from the true sum of *pi*, *phi* and *e* by the phenomenally small margin of *one part in five million*.

I have also found an encoding of *alpha*, the electromagnetic fine structure constant, involving the NIV Genesis 1:2. This approximation is in error of the most recent estimate of *alpha* by only one part in five hundred thousand.

**The Irrational Numbers**

*Pi*, *phi* and *e* are known as irrational numbers [3] and are probably the three most valuable absolutes in mathematics, supporting the entire edifice of science and technology. The numbers are introduced below.

Number | Description | Value |

pi | Ratio of circumference to diameter of a circle | 3.141592653 . . . . |

phi | Golden ratio, found in Fibonacci sequence | 1.618033988 . . . . |

e | Euler's number, base of natural logarithms | 2.718281828 . . . . |

**The Biblically-Derived Numbers**

The biblical passages from which the irrational numbers can be derived are given below, along with their numerical values. Note that these are some of the most theologically-significant verses in the whole of scripture.

1. Standard value Genesis 1:1 (Masoretic)

Masoretic Genesis 1:1 (s) = 2701 = **G1:1 (Mas)**

2. Ordinal value Genesis 1:1 (NIV)

*In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.*

NIV Genesis 1:1 (o) = 430 = **G1:1 (NIV)**

3. Ordinal value John 1:1 (NIV)

*In the beginning was the word, and the word was with God, and the word was God.*

NIV John 1:1 (o) = 695 = **J1:1 (NIV)**

4. Summed ordinal values of the four versions of the Superscription (NIV)

THIS IS JESUS, THE KING OF THE JEWS | Matt. 27.37 (o) | = 343 |

THE KING OF THE JEWS | Mark 15.26 (o) | = 185 |

THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS | Luke 23.38 (o) | = 269 |

JESUS OF NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS | John 19.19 (o) | = 373 |

Sum of NIV Superscriptions (o) = 343 + 185 + 269 + 373 = 1170 = **SI (NIV)**

In a book of 31086 verses it would be relatively simple to find a few that gave these numbers. However, it should be immediately be obvious to any reader who is familiar with the Bible that these are very high-profile verses of great theological import and that there are thematic connections between them. In the discussion section below I comment further on the apparent logic of the choices of verse and on other aspects of these encodings.

** The Approximations Of Pi, Phi and E**

Now we come to the calculations themselves, which are simple divisions of one of the derived numbers by another. A unifying feature of these encodings is the use of the NIV Genesis 1:1 as the denominator in every calculation, which I discuss later.

Note that in the calculation of *pi* a factor of 2 has been inserted into the formula to obtain the approximation. This is the only time such an adjustment is required. This always seemed to me to be a weakness in my argument that these numbers are encoded. However, in September 2009 it was brought to my attention that many mathematicians and scientists think that 2*pi* should replace *pi* as a fundamental constant. I also discuss this later.

1. The Approximation of Pi

G1:1 (Mas)/G1:1 (NIV) = 2701/430 = 6.281395348 . . . . = ** pi (a)** x 2

2. The Approximation of Phi

J1:1 (NIV)/G1:1 (NIV) = 695/430 = 1.616279069 . . . ..= *phi* (a)

3. The Approximation of Euler’s Number

SI (NIV)/G1:1 (NIV) = 1170/430 = 2.720930232 . . . . = *e* (a)

All of the derived numbers are within +/- 0.11% of the correct values. In fact, they could easily substitute for these values in many calculations [4]. However, it should be said that it is fairly easy to obtain this level of accuracy, even with small whole numbers. For instance, 22/7 is almost as close an approximation of pi as is obtained with the biblical numbers. Therefore it could reasonably be argued that these results are nowhere near impressive enough to be convincing evidence of intelligent design.

Note that the approximation of *pi* is given as 2*pi. *This is the only time a factor is necessary - it perhaps reflects the fact that two versions of the same varse are used. Moreover, there is evidence from scientific formulae such as Plank's constant, *h*/2*pi*, that *pi* should really be expressed as 2*pi*, the ratio of the circumference to the radius of a circle. However, we will stick with *pi* here.

Because two of the errors are underestimates and the third error is an overestimate, a cancelling effect will be evident when the values are added together. To measure this effect the approximation *pi* (a) + *phi* (a) + *e* (a) are summed and the result compared with the true sum *pi* + *phi* + *e*. This procedure is also implied by the use of Genesis 1:1 in all three calculations, suggesting the numbers are linked in some way. When the approximations are duly summed, something spectacular does indeed command our attention...

4. The Approximation of The Combined Values Of Pi, Phi and Euler’s number

*pi* + *phi* + *e* ....................= 7.477908470 . . . .

*pi* (a) + *phi* (a) + *e* (a) ...= 7.477906976 . . . .

The sum of the three approximations is in error of the true value by the fabulously small margin of 0.00002%, or *one part in five million* [5].

This is about 4000 times smaller than the average magnitude of the individual errors, which is 0.078%. How much would the error be expected to cancel out? The simple arithmetic mean of the errors (which ignores the individual weighting effects of the three numbers) is 0.013%, about 6 times smaller than the average magnitude of the individual errors. Empirical work indicates that this is about the expected cancelling effect. However, the observed error is *700 times smaller than this* - well beyond any expected reduction.

The three separate calculations can be reduced to a single pair of numbers:

6431/860 = 7.477906976 . . . .

When I tried to find a more accurate approximation of the sum by dividing whole numbers, another startling fact emerged: no two whole numbers below 8000 give a more accurate estimation of the combined value of *pi*, *phi *and *e* than this pairing. This is another piece of evidence that strongly suggests the biblically derived numbers were *deliberately encoded*. But why combine these three mathematical absolutes? The answer is apparently in their sum, which has obviously been chosen for this encoding because of its first four digits, which serve as a kind of calling card.

**The Calling Card**

The first four digits of the combined approximation we just calculated are as follows:

7.477. . . .

If we calculate the ordinal values of the two words 'Jesus' and 'Christ', we obtain 'Jesus' = 74 and 'Christ' = 77 . Placing the two numbers side by side, instead of summing them as we would normally do, we obtain these same four digits.

Consider:

1. We find apparent encodings of the three most important numbers in mathematics.

2. The numbers are encoded in such a way as to suggest that they are somehow linked.

3. When these numbers are summed, the individual errors, already small, almost completely cancel out.

4. This leaves a number, the first two pairs of digits of which are the ordinal values of 'Jesus' and 'Christ'.

I think the digits 7477 reveal to us the identity of the Author of this encoding, an Author who has signed His work elsewhere.

** Discussion**

Could mere chance explain this phenomenon? The text of the bible is a large data set from which to derive numbers, and pseudo-encodings could easily be found from selected portions of texts. However, I think that there are very significant mitigating factors against a chance hypothesis.

1. The individual approximations of *pi*, *phi* and *e* are fairly accurate: all fall within the range +/- 0.11% - and are of similar magnitude.

2. The individual errors almost completely cancel each other out, to leave an extremely precise value for the combined irrational numbers. The huge difference in magnitude between the errors in the weighted and unweighted averages is enormously unlikely to have happened by chance, although further work is needed to quantify this statement.

3. *Pi*, *phi* and *e* are not obscure numbers. They are the three most famous numbers in mathematics, pi and e in particular supporting the entire edifice of science and technology. The importance of *phi* in art and architecture has been recognised for millenia.

4. The Bible is no ordinary book: it is the most influential written document in existence. Furthermore, the NIV Bible is the most popular modern English translation of the Christian Bible (now outselling even the KJV) and the Masoretic Text is the standard text of the Hebrew Bible.

5. Of the Bible's sixty-six books, five of the most theologically significant for Christians happen to be involved: Genesis, the first book in the Bible, and the four gospels.

6.The verses themselves could scarcely have greater theological import, especially in connection with the status of Jesus Christ and His last days on earth:

a) Genesis 1:1 (*pi*, *phi* and *e*), a sweeping statement of our origins, is the most important single sentence in the bible.

b) John 1:1 (*phi*) introduces the Word, present with God in the beginning, and identified with Jesus Christ.

c) The four versions of the Superscription are within verses that are integral to the drama of The Crucifixion, which, along with The Resurrection, was the fulfillment of Christ's Incarnation.

7. The verses are also found in extremely prominant locations:

a) The denominator for each calculation is derived from the Bible’s very first verse.

b) The numerator for *pi* is derived from the authoritative Hebrew version of this same verse, the *Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensis*, (Masoretic text).

c) The numerator for *phi* is derived from the first verse of John.

d) The numerator for *e* is derived from the sum of ordinal values of the four Superscriptions, which are so important that they are always written in capital letters.

8. Three of the portions of text are *complete verses*, rather than parts of verses. The other four portions are different versions of the same statement within four verses: The Superscription. As such they have huge import to Christians.

9. There is a high degree of relatedness between John 1:1 and Genesis 1:1. They mirror each other in subject matter (the beginning of Creation) and placing (the first verse of each prologue).

10. The four versions of the Superscription are also highly related and are found in the four gospels, no less. Moreover, they are thematically related to the event that the New Bible Code itself exists primarily to interpret: *the terrorist attacks of September the 11th, 2001*. As this website shows, 9/11 was the first of two events that were manifestations of the Second Coming and was a staged drama, representing, among other things, the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ. Therefore, as the principal marker event for the ‘end times’, it is thematically fitting that the Superscriptions should take part in these encodings.

11. The NIV Genesis 1:1 provides the number for the denominator in every division, and so a common thread links each calculation. In the derivation of *pi*, Genesis 1:1 provides the numerator (Masoretic) and the denominator (NIV). It is singularly appropriate that *pi*, perhaps the brightest jewel in the crown of mathematics, should be woven like a sequin into these historic versions of the bible's first verse.

12. Very good approximations of *pi* and *e* have already been found within Genesis 1:1 (*pi* again) and John 1:1 (*e*), as originally penned, by Vernon Jenkins and coworkers. These results support the new findings, and are in turn upheld by them. Encodings have also been found within the same texts of the other two numbers discussed in this page: *phi* and *alpha*. Therefore all four numbers are encoded in the original scriptures, three are encoded within the NIV, with one number, *pi*, encoded between them.

13. One of the numbers, *pi*, is encoded as its double, 2pi. The extra factor of 2 and the fact that two versions are involved in this encoding is consistent with the fact that the code exists to announce the events that were manifestations of the *Second* Coming. But this is making the best of what could be viewed as a slight imperfection in the code. It may be that such a compromise was necessary but it would be more elegant and satisfying if *pi* itself had been encoded. However, in September '09 I was pointed to compelling evidence from mathematics and physics that 2*pi*, the ratio of the cirmcumference to the *radius* of a circle, is more fundamental than *pi*. So the encoding of 2*pi* may be a deliberate reference to this possibility, something which was certainly unknown to me when I found the encoding in 2004. 2*pi* is 6.2831853 ... The first four digits of this number are 6283, a numerical anagram of 2368, standard value of *Ihsous Christos*/Jesus Christ.

**Addendum:** Another intriguing link between Jesus Christ and *pi* is found in the standard values of the accepted spellings of the Greek and Hebrew versions of the Lord's name. These are as follows:

*Ihsous Christos*/Jesus Christ (Gr., s) = 2368

*Yehoshua HaMashiach*/Jesus the Messiah (Heb., s) = 754

Dividing the larger number by the smaller gives another reasonable approximation of pi:

2368/754 = 3.14058355 . . .

This is in error of the true value by 0.032%, or 1 part in 3000.

These two numbers are geometrically linked to 925 (Jesus Christ (s)) in the vesica piscis, indicating that the Hebrew, Greek and English systems came from the same Source.

14. Further evidence of a link between Jesus Christ and the encoded numbers is found in the gematria of the name 'Jesus Christ' itself. The first four digits of the sum *pi* + *phi* + *e* are 7477, which embodies the ordinal values of 'Jesus' and 'Christ' and the numerico-geometric properties of which link it to the reduced values of names for our Lord.

Taking all these points together, is it likely that such highly specific portions of text would just happen to give the numerators and denominators of fractions that are good approximations of the fundamental mathematical constants? For the reasons given above, I would suggest that chance is not a tenable explanation for this phenomenon and that these numbers have been deliberately woven into the biblical verses.

** The Fine Structure Constant**

*Alpha*, the electromagnetic fine structure constant, is a physical constant, the coupling constant for the interaction of photons with electrons [7]. Put more simply, *alpha* quantifies the strength of the interaction between light and matter. It is important to be aware of the nature of *alpha*, because its encoding in the NIV involves two numbers, one related to light, the other to matter.

The most recent (2014) calculated value for alpha is shown below.

*alpha* = 0.0072973525664 . . . .

1. The Biblically Derived Numbers

a) The ordinal value of 'light'.

Light (o) = 56

b) The ordinal value of Genesis 1:2 (NIV). This describes the earth (matter) in a state of darkness (without light).

*Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters.*

NIV Genesis 1:2 (o) = 1279 = **G1:2 (NIV)**

2. The Approximation of *alpha*

Light (o)/6 x G1:2 (NIV) = 56/(6 x1279) = 0.00729736773 . . . .

The error here is just under *1 part in 500000*, a fabulously small deviation from the most recent estimate of alpha. The added factor of 6 may seem arbitrary, but 6 is related to the number 1279 in a geometric setting that is central to the New Bible Code.

3. The Geometric Connection With Six

In The Creation Snowflake I show how gematria associated with Jesus Christ is related to a fractal snowflake created by a process mimicking the growth of real snowflakes. The fifth generation of the snowflake requires snowflake 3517 to be surrounded by an outer ring, comprising six snowflakes of 1279 units. This outer ring, which is the denominator in the calculation of alpha, is shown below.

Note that the encryption of this number, like all the others, is related to Genesis 1:1, as encodings of snowflake 1279 and its component parts begin from word 1 and carpet the NIV Bible's first two verses.

All of these encoded numbers link fundamental elements of New Bible Code - Genesis 1:1, John 1:1 and the Crucifixion - with fundamental mathematical and physical constants, internally validating the code itself through its association with the most important numbers in mathematics, science and technology.

Bill Downie 31/5/04

Latest update 6/10/18

**Notes**

1. Masoretic text. This is the text used for the *Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia* (the Hebrew Bible), and is regarded as the authoritative version.

2. Holy Bible: New International Version (2001). This particular piece of the New Bible Code is also found in the New King James Version, the English Standard Version and the Revised Standard Version, which have the same wordings.

3. Irrational numbers are those numbers that can never be precisely calculated by the division of one whole number by another. *Pi* and *e* are also transcendental numbers.

4. If the derived value of pi were used to calculate the volume of water needed to fill a circular pond 3 metres in diameter and 0.5 metres deep, the calculated addition would be just 1 litre short of the required volume of 3534 litres.

5. If an error of - 0.00002% were made in the calculation of the earth's circumference, the answer would be a mere 8 metres short of the true value.

6. Possibly related is the fact that the number 7477 is the 946th member of the prime number sequence. 946 is a rare trifigurate number: 11th in the series of hexagonal pyramidal numbers, 22nd in the series of hexagonal numbers and 43rd in the series of triangular numbers. Lord (r) = 22, Jesus (r) = 11, Jesus Christ (r) = 43.

7. *Alpha* is a measured physical constant, as opposed to *pi*, *phi* and *e*, which are mathematical absolutes.